Elimination of gophers is nearly impossible because the cost of fencing and labor of digging, poison, etc. To keep gophers out of an area you must dig a trench 3 – 6 feet deep and put a wire fence with a close mesh to keep them from burrowing under. The wire must be thick enough not to allow them to chew through it and deep enough so they do not go under. The fence must also be high enough so they can not go over the top. Typically, gophers only dig tunnels so the underground exclusion is the most important factor to concentrate on.
You have to do this around your whole property making the time, cost and true feasibility not worth it unless you have very expensive flowers. What most homeowners and property owners choose to do it deal with them when they come. Most people will get on the internet and find a solution. I can not tell you how many times I have gone to a house with a gopher hole with in a foot of one of these devices. Bottom line – don’t waste your money.
Gopher’s holes are designed for their safety. A garden hose will have a tough time getting enough water fast enough to drown a gopher and it still has the option to just pop out of one of its holes to escape the water.
Smoke bombs are often sold in hardware stores and can have limited success. You must plug all holes with the smoke bombs to have a chance. The idea is to kill the gopher with carbon monoxide but usually the holes do fill with enough smoke to choke out the well hidden and protected pest.
Trapping is available to both home owners and professionals alike. The traps are placed in gopher runways and no bait is required. Gopher traps can either be placed in the tunnel runway which requires two traps, on in each direction, to be placed inline with the tunnel’s path. Another way to set a trap is dig out a recently used gopher hole and place a trap at the entrance with light shining through the trap. Light shinning through a gopher hole is very dangerous to the well being of the gopher and it will go to plug the hole and investigate ‘s entrance. When the gopher comes to the trap’s entrance it trips the trap and ‘no more gopher’.
Pest control service companies such as mine based in Riverside CA, we perform gopher extermination and will warranty the work performed. If you live in an area next to wildlife or open fields you may need a monthly service to take care of your problem. Most homeowners do not have time, patients or desire to attempt this on their own. Hiring a professional who knows what to do and has the resources is recommended for large properties or heavy infestations .
More info on gophers and general pest control can be found on my website at
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